Abbreviations included in this Board Charter
AGM Annual General Meeting
Board The Board of Directors of the Company
Bursa Securities Bursa Malaysia Securities Berhad
CA The Companies Act 2016 and any statutory modification, amendment or re-enactment thereof and any and every other legislation made thereunder for the time being in force
CEO President & Chief Executive Officer
CFO Chief Financial Officer
Chairman Chairman of the Board and is used in a gender neutral sense
Committee The Board Committees of the Company
Company Eco World International Berhad
Company Secretary Board secretary (ies)
Director The Directors for the time being of the Company and unless otherwise stated, includes their duly appointed alternates
EGM Extraordinary General Meeting
EVC Executive Vice Chairman
Group The Company, joint-ventures and its subsidiaries
Independent Director A Director who does not participate in the management of the Company and who satisfies the criteria for “independence” set out in the MMLR
Management Management personnel of the Company
MMLR Main Market Listing Requirements of Bursa Securities
MCCG Malaysian Code on Corporate Governance
SC Securities Commission Malaysia
Senior Management Senior Management personnel of the Company

The Board regards corporate governance as vitally important to the success of the Group’s business and are unreservedly committed in ensuring that the following principles of good governance as promulgated in the MCCG, certain aspects of the MMLR and Constitution and relevant provisions of the CA are practised in all of its business dealings in respect of its shareholders and relevant stakeholders:

  • The Board is the focal point of the Group’s corporate governance system. It is ultimately accountable and responsible for the performance and affairs of the Group.
  • All Board members are expected to act in a professional manner, thereby upholding the core values of integrity and enterprise with due regard to their fiduciary duties and responsibilities.
  • All Board members are responsible in ensuring the Group achieves a high level of good governance.
  • This Board Charter shall constitute, and form, an integral part of each Director’s duties and responsibilities.

The Board Charter serves as a reference point for Board activities and should not be construed as a blueprint for Board operations. Just as each organisation has its own corporate culture, the dynamics of each Board is unique. The dynamics shift as the composition of the Board changes, and the Directors of the Company should always be open to new opportunities and ready to confront new challenges brought about by change.

This Board Charter is to promote high standards of corporate governance and is designed to provide guidance and clarity for Directors and Management with regard to the role of the Board and its Committees, the requirements of Directors in carrying out their stewardship role and in discharging their duties towards the Company as well as the Board’s operating practices. This Board Charter does not overrule or pre-empt the statutory requirements of Directors enshrined in the CA, the Income Tax Act, 1967 and other relevant statutes, including the conduct of the Board as stipulated in the Constitution of the Company. To the extent of any conflict between the terms of this Board Charter and the Constitution, the Constitution prevails.


The objectives of this Board Charter are to ensure that all Board members are aware of their duties and responsibilities as Board members and the various legislations and regulations affecting their conduct and that the principles and practices of good corporate governance are applied in all their dealings in respect, and on behalf of the Group.

In pursuit of the ideals in this Board Charter, the intention is to exceed "minimum legal requirements" with due consideration to recognised standards of best practices locally and internationally.


3.1Principal Role and Responsibilities

3.1.1The Board is charged with leading and managing the Group in an effective and responsible manner. Each Director has a legal duty to act in good faith, to use reasonable care, skill and diligence and to act in the best interest of the Group. The Directors, collectively and individually, are aware of their responsibilities to shareholders and stakeholders for the manner in which the affairs of the Group are managed. The Board sets the Group’s values and standards and ensures that its obligations to its shareholders and stakeholders are understood and met.

3.1.2The Board is fully committed to developing and maintaining high standards of corporate governance by implementing the prescriptions of the principles and best practices stated in the MCCG. Good governance holds management accountable to the Board and the Board accountable to the owners and other stakeholders. The Board’s fundamental approach in this regard is to ensure that the right executive leadership, strategy and internal controls for risk management are well in place. The Board includes an overview of the application of the Principles set out in the MCCG in the Company’s annual report pursuant to Paragraph 15.25 of the MMLR. In addition, the Board would disclose the application of each Practice set out in the MCCG during the financial year to Bursa Securities and announce the same together with the announcement of annual report.

3.1.3The Board ensures that the Company complies with the various guidelines issued by Bursa Securities and the SC relating to disclosure and internal audit functions.

3.1.4All Directors should objectively discharge his/her duties and responsibilities at all times as fiduciaries in the interests of the Company.

3.1.5The principal duties and responsibilities of the Board including those adopted from the MCCG are:

  1. together with Senior Management, promote good corporate governance culture within the Company which reinforces ethical, prudent and professional behaviour;
  2. review, challenge and decide on Management’s proposals for the Company, and monitor its implementation by Management;
  3. ensure that the strategic plan and direction of the Company supports long-term value creation and includes strategies on economic, environmental and social considerations underpinning sustainability;
  4. supervise and assess the conduct and performance of the Management to determine whether the business is being properly managed;
  5. ensure there is a sound framework for internal controls and risk management;
  6. understand the principal risks of the Company’s business and recognise that business decisions involve the taking of appropriate risks;
  7. set the risk appetite within which the Board expects Management to operate and ensure that there is an appropriate risk management framework to identify, analyse, evaluate, manage and monitor significant financial and non-financial risks;
  8. ensure that Senior Management has the necessary skills and experience, and there are measures in place to provide for the orderly succession of Board and Senior Management;
  9. ensure that the Company has in place procedures to enable effective communication with stakeholders; and
  10. ensure the integrity of the Company’s financial and non-financial reporting.

3.1.6The principal roles and responsibilities of the Directors include:

  1. To direct the management of the business and affairs of the Group;
  2. To attend substantially all the meetings of the Board and substantially all the meetings of each Committee on which the Director serves; and
  3. To review, before attending meetings of the Board or Committees, all materials provided by the Company relating to matters to be considered at the meetings.

3.2Matters Reserved

3.2.1The Board reserves full decision-making powers on the following matters:

  1. Conflict of interest issues relating to a substantial shareholder or a Director including approving related party transactions;
  2. Material acquisitions and disposition of assets not in the ordinary course of business including significant capital expenditures;
  3. Strategic investments, mergers and acquisitions and corporate exercises;
  4. Limits of authority;
  5. Treasury policies;
  6. Risk management policies; and
  7. Key human resource issues.

3.3Composition and Board Balance

3.3.1The Board should consist of qualified individuals with diverse experiences, backgrounds, skills and perspectives to understand properly and deal with the current emerging issues of the business of the Company. The composition and size of the Board should be such that it facilitates the making of informed, critical decisions without limiting the level of individual participation, involvement and effectiveness. Thus, the Board acknowledges the importance to promote gender diversity and does not set a restriction on having female director(s) on the Board.

3.3.2In accordance with Paragraph 15.02 of the MMLR, at any one time, at least two (2) or one-third (1/3) of the total Board members, whichever is the higher, shall comprise of Independent Directors. If the number of Board members is not three (3) or a multiple of three (3), then the number nearest one-third (1/3) must be used.

To foster greater objectivity in the boardroom, at least half of the Board shall compose of Independent Directors. The Independent Directors provide independent judgement, experience and objectivity without being subordinated to operational considerations.

In the event of any vacancy in the Board, resulting in non-compliance with the above, the Board must ensure that the vacancy is filled within three (3) months.

In line with the recommendation of the MCCG, if the Board intends to retain an Independent Director beyond nine (9) years, the Independent Director shall be subject to the assessment by Nomination and Remuneration Committee and with valid justifications be recommended to the Board for shareholders’ approval at general meeting. The tenure of an Independent Director should not exceed a consecutive or cumulative term of twelve (12) years.

3.3.3The CEO and the Executive Director(s) are the “Executive” Directors on the Board. However, the views of the Management are represented at meetings of the Board by the presence of senior executives when required.

3.3.4The Independent Directors help to ensure that the interests of all shareholders, and not only the interests of a particular fraction or group, are indeed taken into account by the Board and that the relevant issues are subjected to objective and impartial consideration by the Board.

The role of Independent Directors is to constructively challenge and help develop proposals on strategy include, inter alia:

  1. to make independent assessment of the information, reports or statements, having regard to the Directors’ knowledge, experience and competence, to provide independent view and demonstrate objectivity in reviewing and challenging the Management’s proposals at meetings;
  2. to devote sufficient time to update their knowledge and enhance their skills through appropriate continuing education programmes, so as to keep abreast of industry issues, market development and trend, and enable them to sustain their active participation in board deliberations; and
  3. act as a channel of communication between Management, shareholders and other stakeholders, and provide the relevant checks and balances, focusing on shareholders’ and other stakeholders’ interests and ensuring that high standards of corporate governance are applied.

3.3.5The Board may appoint a Senior Independent Director to whom shareholders’ concerns can be conveyed if there are reasons that through the normal channels of the Chairman or the CEO have failed to resolve them.

The role of Senior Independent Director include, amongst others:

  1. act as a sounding board for the Chairman;
  2. ensure all Independent Directors have opportunity to input on the agenda, and advise the Chairman on the quality, quantity and timeliness of the information submitted by Management that is necessary or appropriate for the Independent Directors to perform their duties effectively;
  3. consult the Chairman regarding board meeting schedules to ensure the Independent Directors can perform their duties responsibly and with sufficient time for discussion of all agenda items; and
  4. serve as the principal conduit between the Independent Directors and the Chairman on sensitive issues.

3.3.6A Director shall inform the Board’s Chairman before he/she accepts any new directorships in listed issuer and other companies. Each Board member must not hold directorships at more than five (5) listed issuers. The Board shall obtain time commitment from newly appointed Directors at the time of appointment.


3.4.1The appointment of a new Director is a matter for consideration and decision by the full Board upon appropriate recommendation from the Nomination and Remuneration Committee. Further, in identifying candidates for appointment of Directors, the Board does not solely rely on recommendations from existing Board members, Management or major shareholders. The Board utilises variety of independent sources to identify suitably qualified candidates.

3.4.2Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, the qualifications for Board membership are:

  1. the ability to make informed business decisions and recommendations;
  2. an entrepreneurial talent for contributing to the creation of shareholder value;
  3. relevant experience in regional and/or international markets;
  4. education and experience that provides knowledge of business, financial, governmental or legal matters that are relevant to the Company’s business or to its status as a publicly owned company;
  5. ability to ask probing operational related questions, high ethical standards, sound practical sense;
  6. sufficient available time to be able to fulfil his/her responsibilities as a member of the Board and any of the Committees to which he/she may be appointed; and
  7. total commitment to furthering the interests of shareholders and the achievement of the Company’s goals.

The Board shall undertake an assessment of its Independent Directors annually.

3.4.3The Company Secretary has the responsibility of ensuring that relevant procedures relating to the appointments of new Directors are properly executed.

3.4.4The Company shall provide adequate training and orientation for new Directors with respect to the business, structure and management of the Group as well as the expectations of the Board with regard to their contribution to the Board and Group.

3.4.5In addition to the Mandatory Accreditation Programme as required by Bursa Securities, Board members are also encouraged to attend training programmes conducted by highly competent professionals and which are relevant to the Company’s operations and business. The Board, assisted by the Nomination and Remuneration Committee, shall on continuous basis assess and determine the training needs of the Directors and disclose in the annual report the trainings attended by the Directors. In special circumstances, valid justifications for non-attendance at any training by Directors for the financial year shall also be disclosed.

3.4.6The tenure of the Executive Director is tied to his/her executive office.


3.5.1Pursuant to the Constitution, all Directors must retire at least once every three (3) years but shall be eligible for re-election.

3.6Duty to Disclose Interest

3.6.1The Constitution stipulates that every Director who may have direct or indirect interest in any contract or proposed contract or arrangement with the Company and/or Group shall immediately declare his/her interest to the Board and shall not participate in deliberations and shall abstain himself/herself from casting his/her votes in any matter arising therefrom.

3.6.2Should there be an actual, potential or perceived conflict of interest between the Company and a Director, or an associate of a Director such as a spouse, other family member, or a related company (as defined under Section 197 of the CA), the Director involved shall make full disclosure and act honestly in the best interest of the Company:

  1. Director shall immediately inform the Audit Committee in respect of their direct and indirect interests in any businesses or corporations which carry on similar trade as that of the Group; and
  2. Every Director shall comply with the provisions of Sections 219 and 221 of the CA in connection with the disclosure of his/her shareholding and interests in the Company and his/her interest in any contract or proposed contract with the Company and in connection with the disclosure, every Director shall state the fact and the nature, character and extent of any office or possession of any property whereby whether directly or indirectly duties or interests might be created in conflict with his/her duty or interest as a Director of the Company.

The interested Directors shall abstain from deliberation and voting on the resolutions relating to those matters or transactions.

3.6.3An actual, potential or perceived conflict of interest shall not necessarily disqualify an individual Director from the Board provided that full disclosure of the interest has been made in good faith and due honesty.

3.7Board Processes

3.7.1The Board meets at least once every quarter to facilitate the discharge of their responsibilities. Members of Management who are not Directors may be invited to attend and speak at meetings on matters relating to their sphere of responsibility. The Board may also invite external parties such as the auditors, solicitors and consultants as and when the need arises.

3.7.2Any Director may participate at a Board meeting or Committee meeting by way of telephone and video conferencing or by means of other communication equipment in which event such Director shall be deemed to be physically present at the meeting and shall be taken into account in ascertaining the presence of a quorum at the meeting.

3.7.3All Directors have the same right of access to all information and Senior Management within the Group whether collectively as a Board or in their individual capacity in furtherance of their duties and responsibilities as Directors of the Company.

3.7.4The Management is responsible for providing the Board with the required information in an appropriate and timely manner. If the information provided by the Management is insufficient, the Board will make further enquiries where necessary to which the persons responsible will respond as fully and promptly as possible.

3.7.5The notice of each Board meeting shall be circulated to all Directors at least seven (7) days prior to the meeting except in the case of an emergency. The core Board papers and agenda items are to be circulated at least five (5) business days prior to the meeting. Other materials such as projects updates and operational matters do not fall within the requisite five (5) business days. When there is a need to table a report, a brief summary of findings and/or recommendations shall be prepared.

3.7.6When arriving at decision, the Chairman shall seek a consensus in the Board but may, where considered necessary, call for a vote. The decision of the Board shall be by majority votes. In cases of equality of votes, the Chairman shall have a second or casting vote, subject to Paragraph 4.1.5 below.

3.7.7Full Board minutes of each Board meeting are kept at the registered office of the Company and are available for inspection by any Director during office hours.

3.7.8The minutes of meetings shall accurately record decisions taken and the views of individual Board members. If, on any matter discussed at a Board meeting, any Director holds views contrary to those of any of the other Directors, the Board minutes will clearly reflect this.

3.7.9The Board as well as any Director is entitled to obtain independent professional advice relating to the affairs of the Group or to his/her responsibilities as a Director, subject to Paragraph 3.7.11 below.

3.7.10All Directors shall have access to the advice and services of the Company Secretary. The Board shall recognise that the Chairman is entitled to the strong and positive support of the Company Secretary in ensuring the effective functioning of the Board.

3.7.11If a Director considers such advice necessary for the discharge of his/her duties and responsibilities as Director and for the benefit of the Company, such Director shall obtain the Board’s prior approval, and in seeking such advice, shall be required to comply with the following procedures:

  • The request shall be made in writing to the Board;
  • The Director concerned shall prepare a detailed paper to be submitted to the Board, highlighting inter alia the purpose behind the request and the estimated costs for the advice; and
  • The Board shall deliberate on the said paper and at its absolute discretion determine if the Director concerned shall be permitted to seek independent professional advice. Should a request be denied, the Director concerned is entitled to have his/her views duly recorded.

3.7.12The cost of the advice shall be reimbursed by the Company. The Board or the Director, as the case may be, shall ensure that so far as is practicable, the cost is reasonable.


The Company aims to ensure a balance of power and authority between the Chairman, EVC and CEO with a clear division of responsibility between the running of the Board and the Company's business respectively. The positions of Chairman, EVC and CEO are separated and clearly defined.


4.1.1The Chairman is responsible for leadership of the Board in ensuring the effectiveness of all aspects of its role. The Chairman is responsible for:

  1. leading the Board in setting the values and standards of the Group;
  2. the balance of membership, subject to Board and shareholders’ approval;
  3. maintaining a relationship of trust with and between the Executive and Non-Executive Directors;
  4. ensuring effective communication with shareholders and relevant stakeholders; and
  5. facilitating the effective contribution of Non-Executive Directors and ensuring constructive relations be maintained between Executive and Non-Executive Directors.

4.1.2The Chairman is responsible for running the business of the Board to ensure that:

  • all Directors are properly briefed on issues arising at Board meetings.
  • sufficient time is allowed for the discussion of complex or contentious issues and, where appropriate, arranging for informal meetings beforehand to enable thorough preparation for the Board discussion.
  • the issues discussed are forward looking and focused on strategy.

4.1.3The Chairman ensures that every Board resolution is put to vote to ensure the will of the majority prevails and any concern or dissenting views expressed by any Director on any matter deliberated at meetings of the Board are adequately addressed and duly recorded in the relevant minutes of meetings.

4.1.4The Chairman ensures that Executive Directors look beyond their executive functions and accept their full share of responsibilities on governance.

4.1.5The Chairman will have no casting vote if two (2) Directors form a quorum at a particular meeting, or if there are only two (2) Directors competent to vote on the question at issue.


4.2.1The EVC shall assist the Chairman in performing the latter’s duties and responsibilities. In particular, the EVC shall take the important role in monitoring the implementation of the Company’s strategies. During the period when the Chairman is absent and the normal functions of the Chairman cannot be carried out, the EVC will take the role as the acting Chairman.

4.2.2The EVC is also responsible to the Board for the following:

  1. strategic planning, business development and overseeing the Group’s business operations together with the CEO;
  2. formulation of high level-strategies of the Group and together with the CEO, directing the overall growth of the Company; and
  3. the Group’s business operations.


4.3.1The CEO is the conduit between the Board and the Management in ensuring the success of the Group’s governance and management functions.

4.3.2The CEO, in association with the Chairman, is accountable to the Board for the achievement of the Group’s mission, goals and objectives and the CEO is accountable to the Board for the observance of Management’s limitations.

4.3.3The CEO has the executive responsibility for the day-to-day operation of the Group's business.

4.3.4The CEO implements the policies, strategies and decisions adopted by the Board.

4.3.5All Board authorities conferred on the Management is delegated through the CEO and this will be considered as the CEO’s authority and accountability as far as the Board is concerned.

4.3.6Generally, the CEO is responsible to the Board for the following:

  1. executive management of the Group’s business covering, inter alia, the development of a strategic plan; an annual operating plan and budget; performance benchmarks to gauge management performance against and the analysis of management reports;
  2. effectively overseeing the human resources of the Group with respect to key positions in the Group’s hierarchy, determination of remuneration as well as terms and conditions of employment for Senior Management and issues pertaining to discipline;
  3. assuring that the Group’s corporate identity, products and services are of high standards and are reflective of the market environment;
  4. be the official spokesman for the Company and responsible for regulatory, governmental and business relationships;
  5. coordinating business plans with the business heads, coordinating management issues through the Board, and overseeing divisional function groups and cost containment process in consultation with the CFO and the regional office or head office of the Group;
  6. regularly reviewing the Heads of Divisions and Departments who are responsible for all functions contributing to the success of the Company;
  7. assessing business opportunities which are of potential benefit to the Company;
  8. ensuring the provision of accurate, timely and clear information to Directors;
  9. maintaining and facilitating a positive working environment and good employee relations;
  10. promoting a high degree of corporate governance and ethics across the Group;
  11. assisting in the selection of Board members through the Nomination and Remuneration Committee (as defined in item 5.3 below); and
  12. assisting the Chairman in organising information necessary for the Board to deal with the agenda and for providing this information to Directors on a timely basis.

The Board appoints the following Board Committees:

  • Audit Committee ("AC")
  • Risk Management Committee ("RMC")
  • Nomination and Remuneration Committee ("NRC")
  • Whistleblowing Committee ("WBC")

Independent and Non-Executive Directors play a leading role in these Committees. The Management and third parties are co-opted to the Committees as and when required. The Terms of Reference of AC, RMC, NRC and WBC are published on the Company’s website.


The AC assists and supports the Board’s responsibility of overseeing the Group’s operations by providing a means for review and monitoring of the integrity of the Group’s financial reporting process, its internal control system with the Group, its audit process as well as compliance with legal and regulatory matters, its own code of business conduct and such other matters that may be specifically delegated to the AC by the Board from time to time.

The Terms of Reference of the AC is attached under Appendix I.


The primary function of RMC is to evaluate the Group’s level of risk tolerance, assess and monitor risks, review the Group’s internal controls system and engage with management to periodically test the adequacy and effectiveness of the risk management and internal control system.

The Terms of Reference of the RMC is attached under Appendix II.


The NRC is responsible to oversees matters related to the nomination and election of new Directors, annually reviews the required mix of skills, experience and other requisite qualities of Directors as well as the annual assessment of the effectiveness of the Board as a whole, its Committees and the contribution of each individual Director as well as identify candidates to fill board vacancies, and nominating them for approval by the Board. The NRC is also responsible for recommending to the Board the remuneration policies, principles and the framework for the Company’s Directors. The NRC also reviews and recommends to the Board corporate governance principles to be implemented for the Group, in compliance with the MCCG.

The Terms of Reference of the NRC is attached under Appendix III.


The primary function of the WBC is to ensure that investigations are carried out using the appropriate channels, resources and expertise.

The Terms of Reference of the WBC is attached under Appendix IV.

5.5The Committees shall operate under their respective charters. The Committees are authorised by the Board to deal with and to deliberate on matters delegated to them within their charters. The Chairman/Chairperson of the respective Committees reports to the Board on the outcome of the Committee meetings and such reports or minutes will be included in the Board papers.

Although the Board has granted discretionary authority to these Committees to deliberate and decide on certain operational matters as set out in their respective charter, the ultimate responsibility for final decision on all matters lies with the Board.


6.1The Company aims to set remuneration at levels which are sufficient to attract and retain the Directors needed to run the Company successfully, taking into consideration all relevant factors including the function, workload and responsibilities involved, but without paying more than is necessary to achieve this goal.

6.2The level of remuneration for the Executive Directors is recommended by the NRC to the Board after giving due consideration to the compensation levels for comparable positions among other similar Malaysian public listed companies.

In fixing the remuneration to be paid to Directors who are not employees of the Group for serving on the Board and on Committees of the Board, the Board will consider the following:

  1. The compensation that is paid to Directors of other companies which are comparable in size to the Group.
  2. The amount of time it is likely Directors will be required to devote in preparing for and attending meetings of the Board and the Committees on which they serve.
  3. The success of the Company (which may be reflected in compensation related to the price of the Company's shares).
  4. If a Committee on which a Director serves undertakes a special assignment, the importance of that special assignment to the Group and its shareholders.
  5. The risks involved in serving as a Director and a member of Board Committees.

6.3Fees payable to Non-Executive Directors shall be paid by a fixed sum and not by a commission on or percentage of profits or turnover.

6.4Salaries and other emoluments payable to Executive Directors pursuant to a service contract need not be determined by the Company in general meeting but such salaries and emoluments may not include a commission on or percentage of turnover.

6.5The fees and benefits payable to the Directors shall from time to time be determined by an ordinary resolution of the Company in general meeting and shall (unless such resolution otherwise provides) be divisible among the Directors as they may agree.

6.6The Directors shall reimburse all their travelling and other expenses properly and necessarily expended by them in and about the business of the Company including their travelling and other expenses incurred in attending board meetings of the Company.


7.1Financial Reporting

7.1.1The Board aims to present a clear and balanced assessment of the Group's financial position and future prospects that extends to the annual and quarterly reports.

7.1.2The Board ensures that the annual and interim financial statements are prepared so as to give a true and fair view of the current financial status of the Group in accordance with the approved accounting standards.

7.1.3The Group's practice is to announce to Bursa Securities its quarterly financial results as early as possible within two (2) months after the end of each quarterly financial period.

7.1.4The auditors report shall contain a statement from the auditors explaining their responsibility in forming an independent opinion, based on their audit, of the financial statements.

7.2Company Auditors

7.2.1The Board has established formal and transparent arrangements for considering how financial reporting and internal control principles will be applied and for maintaining an appropriate relationship with the Company auditors through the AC.

7.2.2The AC also keeps under review the scope and results of the audit and its cost effectiveness and the independence and objectivity of the Company auditors. The AC ensures that the Company auditors do not supply a substantial volume of non-audit services to the Company.

7.2.3Appointment of the Company auditors is subject to approval of shareholders at general meeting. The Company auditors have to retire during the AGM every year and be re-appointed by shareholders for the ensuing year.

7.3Internal Controls and Risk Management

7.3.1The Board has overall responsibility of maintaining a system of internal controls, which provides reasonable assurance of effective and efficient operations and compliance with laws and regulations as well as with internal policies and procedures.

7.3.2The Company has a well-resourced internal audit function, which critically reviews all aspects of the Company’s activities and its internal controls. Comprehensive audits of the practices, procedures, expenditure and internal controls of all business and support units and subsidiaries are undertaken on a regular basis. The Chief Audit Executive has direct access to the Board through the Chairman of the AC.

7.3.3The Board ensures the system of internal controls and enterprise risk management are reviewed on a regular basis by the RMC.

7.3.4The AC receives reports regarding the outcome of such reviews on a regular basis.



8.1.1The Company regards the AGM as an important event in the corporate calendar of which all Directors and key senior executives should attend.

8.1.2The Company regards the AGM as the principal forum for dialogue with shareholders and aims to ensure that the AGM provides an important opportunity for effective communication with, and constructive feedback from the Company's shareholders.

8.1.3The Chairman encourages active participation by the shareholders during the AGM.

8.1.4The Chairman and, where appropriate, the CEO responds to shareholders’ queries during the meeting. Where necessary, the Chairman will undertake to provide a written answer to any significant question that cannot be readily answered at the meeting.

8.1.5The Company will ensure that all resolutions set out in the notice of any general meeting or notice of resolution are voted by poll and at least one (1) independent scrutineer is appointed as to facilitate poll voting. The results of the poll including the number and percentage of votes cast for and against each resolution would be announced accordingly.

8.1.6A summary of the key matters discussed at AGM will be published on the Company’s website as soon as practicable after the conclusion of the AGM.


8.2.1The Directors will consider requisitions by shareholders to convene an EGM or any other urgent matters requiring immediate attention of the Company.


9.1The Board acknowledges the need for shareholders to be informed of all material business matters affecting the Group and as such adopts an open and transparent policy in respect of its relationship with its shareholders and investors.

9.2The Board ensures the timely release of financial results on a quarterly basis to provide shareholders and analysts with an overview of the Group’s performance and operations in addition to the various announcements made during the year.

9.3The Company conducts dialogues with financial analysts from time to time as a means of effective communication that enables the Board and Management to convey information relating to the Company’s performance, corporate strategy and other matters affecting shareholders’ interests.

9.4A press conference may be held after each general meeting. At this press conference, the Chairman and/or EVC and/or CEO and/or CFO and/or Senior Management will give a media briefing explaining the Group’s results, prospects and outline any specific event for notation. All press releases will be vetted by the CEO or CFO to ensure that information that has yet to be released to Bursa Securities is not released to the press.

9.5The Group’s website,, provides easy access to corporate information pertaining to the Group and its activities and is continuously updated.


The Board shall ensure a sustainable anti-corruption compliance programme, which includes the Anti-Bribery and Anti-Corruption Policy (“ABC Policy”) and assign adequate resources to implement the anti-corruption compliance programme. The ABC Policy is available at


To enhance corporate governance practices across the Group, a whistle-blowing policy was adopted which provides Directors, officers, employees and stakeholders of the Group with an avenue to report suspected improprieties such as illegal or unlawful conduct, breach of the ABC Policy, contravention of the Group’s policies and procedures, acts endangering the health or safety of any individual, public or employee, and any act of concealment of improprieties. The aim of this policy is to encourage the reporting of such matters in good faith, with the confidence that the person filing the report, to the extent possible, be protected from reprisal, victimisation, harassment or subsequent discrimination.


The Board shall formalise and commit to ethical values through the maintenance of a code of conduct and business ethics and ensure the implementation and compliance with the code of ethics. It should be read in conjunction with the ABC Policy and whistle-blowing policy.


13.1In the course of pursuing the vision and mission of the Group, the Board recognises that no business organisation can exist by maximising shareholders value alone. In this regard, the needs and interests of other stakeholders are also taken into consideration.

13.2The Board is responsible for:

  1. ensuring the Group’s strategies promote sustainability;
  2. ensuring the rights of other stakeholders are not compromised;
  3. ensuring the Group has in place a policy to enable effective communication not just with shareholders, but with all stakeholders;
  4. establishing policies governing the Group’s relationship with other stakeholders and the broader community; and
  5. establishing and maintaining environmental, employment and occupational health and safety policies.

14.1The appointment and removal of the Company Secretary is a matter for the Board as a whole. The Board recognises the fact that the Company Secretary should be suitably qualified and capable of carrying out the duties required of the post.

14.2The key role of the Company Secretary is to provide unhindered advice and services for the Directors as and when the need arises, to enhance the effective functioning of the Board and to ensure regulatory compliance.

14.3Other primary responsibilities of the Company Secretary shall include:

  1. advising the Board on matters related to corporate governance and the MMLR;
  2. ensuring that Board procedures and applicable rules are observed;
  3. maintaining records of the Board and ensuring effective management of the Company’s statutory records;
  4. preparing comprehensive minutes to document Board proceedings and ensuring conclusions are accurately recorded;
  5. assisting the communications between the Board and Management;
  6. providing full access and services to the Board and carrying out other functions deemed appropriate by the Board from time to time;
  7. preparing agendas and co-ordinating the preparation of the Board papers; and
  8. ensuring availability of information required by new Directors for the proper discharge of their duties.

15.1The principles set out in this Board Charter are:

  1. kept under review and updated as practices on corporate governance develop and further guidelines on corporate governance are issued by the relevant regulatory authorities; and
  2. applied in practice having regard to their spirit and general principles rather than to the latter alone.

15.2The Board endeavours to comply at all times with the principles and practices set out in this Board Charter.


The Board, through the NRC, will conduct an annual self-evaluation and/or peer evaluation on its effectiveness as a whole, each individual Directors and the different Committees established by the Board.

The Board may engage independent experts periodically to facilitate objective and candid Board evaluation.


This Charter shall be periodically reviewed and may be amended by the Board as it deems appropriate to ensure its relevance and effectiveness.

This Charter is reviewed and approved by the Board on 6 February 2020.

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